China intends to introduce a new security review mandate for all generative AI services prior to operation as new chatbots like ChatGPT continue to surface.

Governments around the world are finding themselves face to face with questions on how to handle the swift rise of artificial intelligence (AI)

In China, local authorities announced that they plan to enforce a mandatory review of generative AI services prior to their public operation.

According to a statement on the website of the Cyberspace Administration of China - China’s internet regulator - providers of AI services have a responsibility to make sure all content is accurate, respects intellectual property (IP) and does not discriminate or endanger security.

Additionally, all AI-generated content must be clearly labeled as such.

These announcements come after one of China’s largest tech companies Baidu Inc. unveiled its new AI chatbot ERNIE, rivaling that of OpenAI’s ChatGPT, back in late March.

ERNIE is built off of an AI-based deep learning model, Ernie, which stands for "Enhanced Representation through Knowledge Integration.” In addition to Baidu’s AI chatbot, other Chinese tech giants like Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. and SenseTime Group Inc. are all in the race to build out AI platforms rivaling those of Google and Microsoft.

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Similar to the Chinese authorities, many governments around the world are finding their footing in dealing with the rise in AI services. 

Recently, Japan openly showed its support for OpenAI’s ChatGPT. The Japanese government said it would even consider incorporating AI technology into its governmental systems, so long as privacy and cybersecurity concerns are addressed.

However other countries are not taking as keen of a stance on this emerging technology. Italian regulators placed a temporary ban on ChatGPT following a data breach on the platform that exposed private user data. In Canada, OpenAI is currently facing a privacy probe after allegations of harvesting personal information.

The United States President Joe Biden addressed tech firms to consider the risks of AI to society, national security and the economy.

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